Peru is a unique destination. Its living culture, impressive history and diversity of natural resources make a visit there a truly unforgettable experience. From Cuzco to Lake Titicaca, walking at Machu Picchu of the Incas, or traveling through the jungle or over the Nazca Lines, discover a new adventure in each of its attractions to experience a really different vacation.
Taking a tour in Peru is like taking a hundred trips in one. Rich in pre-Inca and Inca archaeological treasures, biodiversity and ecosystems, as well as cultural expressions, traditional customs, artistic performances and the best cuisine in the region, Peru lets the traveler experience not only cultural tourism, but a huge range of possibilities in community, adventure, or ecological tourism as well as other special interest travel.
Its attractions are revealed through the country’s variety of natural regions: a vast desert coastal strip running from north to south, the Andes with their impressive peaks and glaciers, and the stunning Amazon jungle, rich in animal and plant species, many of them endangered and many others, unique in the world. In a single vacation, you can see the many different sides of the same country.
Peru invites you, with a pisco sour or a glass of sweet chicha morada, to enjoy the best beaches, the landscape of valleys and Andean mountain peaks, the majesty of the flight of the condor, the imposing view of Machu Picchu and the magic of Incan Cusco, while discovering the sounds of the Amazon or simply relaxing before the stunning Lake Titicaca. Whether on the coast, the mountains or the jungle, discover a culture and history that continue to live through the joy and warmth of its people. Discover a country with a thousand attractions and experience a vacation that will be forever etched in your memory.
Peru is located in the central-western portion of South America, occupying a total area of 1,285,215 sq. km. and 200 miles of territorial sea. It is divided into 3 distinct regions:
The coast, a narrow desert strip that, at its widest point, is 180 km. wide. Here we find destinations such as the Nazca Lines and Paracas.
The sierra, with the Andes Mountains crisscrossing the territory and making a geography as diverse as the plains surrounding Lake Titicaca and the heights of Machu Picchu.
The jungle, dominated by the exuberance of the Amazon.
Peru’s population is estimated at some 28.22 million inhabitants, making it the 4th most populous country of South America. 75% of the population lives in urban areas and 25%, in rural areas. Peru has a mixture of races as a result of the different immigrant groups that have arrived to the country throughout its history.
The most important religion is Catholicism, which coexists in harmony with other religions that are accepted within the freedom of religion that is established in the Constitution.
Thanks to the wealth of its natural resources and high levels of exports make mining, agriculture and fishing the main sources of the country’s foreign exchange. In recent years, however, products with value-added have gained greater importance among our exports, as has the service sector, thus permitting our economy to develop and enabling us to become the fastest growing country in the entire region. Tourism is also an important generator of employment and income for the country. Among the major destinations are Machu Picchu and other archaeological sites in the city of Cuzco, Lake Titicaca, the Nazca Lines and the Amazon jungle.
In Peru, history is alive because its customs and traditions persist over time. Peru’s rich past goes back to the first civilization in the entire American continent, millennia before the development of the Inca culture and the height of cities such as Cuzco. Bandurria, north of Lima, which is more than 5,000 years old (contemporary to Egyptian and Mesopotamian societies), is thus the earliest society recorded in the Americas.
Later, different cultures developed throughout Peru, such as the Paracas, Nazca, Mochica, Tiahuanaco and the most recognized and representative of all – the Inca culture “ that, during its period of greatest expansion, came to occupy the territory of present-day Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Bolivia and Argentina. Its huge buildings are just a sampling of the grandeur of this society. Citadels such as Machu Picchu and Choquequirao, as well as many other archaeological sites, many located in the city of Cuzco and its surroundings, are just examples of the level of development and knowledge in architecture and engineering of the Incas.
With the arrival of the Spanish to Peru in the sixteenth century, the Viceroyalty of Peru was established in the name of the Spanish Crown, making it the most important colony of the Spanish Empire in America, due mainly to the riches that were to be extracted from its mines.
In 1821, General JosÃ© de San MartÃn proclaimed the independence of Peru, but the Viceroyalty continued to operate until 1824, when the Viceroy JosÃ© de la Serna surrendered to the forces of Antonio Jose de Sucre following the Battle of Ayacucho.